Vol.4. No.1 2015

Vol.4. No.1 2015

Volume 4. Issue 1 2015.

Contents

Religion and society

  • Jordi Vazquez (Editor at ‘Help Catalonia’ & the author of ‘El moviment nacional escocès – The Scottish National Movement) The Last Mandaeans, a Dying People.
  • Abdul Muchsin Maltezos (MA, Centre for Local Law Development Studies, CLDS), Islamic University of Indonesia) Ijtihad and the Legacy of Islamic Thought – for What Purpose?

Political and military history

  • Alex Calvo (Nagoya University, Japan) Origins of the Second World War in Europe: Chamberlain, Stalin, and their Failure to Reach an Agreement.
  • Alex Calvo (Nagoya University, Japan) US Strategy in Afghanistan: Learning from the Past.

The Works

Jordi Vazquez (Editor at ‘Help Catalonia’ & the author of ‘El moviment nacional escocès – The Scottish National Movement) The Last Mandaeans, a Dying People. Summary report: 399 words.

PDF Article available here: The Last Mandaeans

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Abdul Muchsin Maltezos (MA, Centre for Local Law Development Studies, CLDS), Islamic University of Indonesia) Ijtihad and the Legacy of Islamic Thought – for What Purpose?

Essay: approx 4,500 words.

PDF Article available here: A M Maltezos Ijtihad and the legacy of Islamic thought TESS UK&Europe Vol 4 No 1 2015

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Alex Calvo (Nagoya University, Japan) Origins of the Second World War in Europe: Chamberlain, Stalin, and their Failure to Reach an Agreement.

Historiography and popular works on the origins of the Second World War in the UK often tend to concentrate on the Franco-British policy of appeasement, with particular stress on the Munich agreements. The Soviet Union appears late in this narrative, after the German invasion, with brief mentions of the Molotov-Von Ribbentrop Pact and the ensuing economic cooperation. In particular, the failed negotiations between France and Great Britain on the one hand, and the Soviet Union on the other, in the summer of 1939, are seldom discussed in depth. Their study should ideally include not only the negotiations themselves but the wider mutual views, mistrust, conflicts of interests, and differing perceptions of how to confront a rising Germany. Ideally, future historical scholarship should provide a more integrated view of the run up to the war, seeking to explain why London and Moscow failed to join forces despite perceiving the threat from Berlin.

Key Words: Second World War, Great Patriotic War, Chamberlain, Stalin, Molotov-Von Ribbentrop, Deterrence

Article: approx 5,000 words.

PDF Article available here: Eurasia Studies Society of Great Britain & Europe Vol 4 No 1 & 2_Alex Calvo_Chamberlain and Stalin (Calvo)

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Alex Calvo (Nagoya University, Japan) US Strategy in Afghanistan: Learning from the Past.

Vietnam and Afghanistan are conflicts sharing a number of characteristics, while differing on other counts. US forces in Central Asia tried to apply some of the “lessons learned” in Indochina, in an exercise of interest not only for the scholar of counterinsurgency but also for students of how organizations learn and develop their professional culture. After the initial light footprint intervention gave rise to nation building, they stressed a “Clear, hold, rebuild, and engage” approach, as opposed to “search and destroy”, drawing on the lessons of the second half of combat operations in Vietnam. On the other hand, they did not develop the close village-level partnerships seen in the US Marine Corps’ Combat Action Program, while having to deal with greater diversity among local civilians and members of the military. In both conflicts, the existence of a sanctuary posed a major obstacle to success.

Key words: Vietnam, Afghanistan, Counterinsurgency, Learning, Military, War

 Article: 6,700 words.

PDF Article available here: Alex Calvo US strategy in Afghanistan, learning from the past TESS UK&Europe

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